Madagascar is the world’s 4th largest island, located in the Indian Ocean off the
coast of Mozambique.
98% are Malagasy, which is a mix of African, Indonesian and Arab origin. The
literacy rate is only 70% and in decline. The official languages are Malagasy, French
and English (the latter is rarely used). There are 20 languages in Madagascar.
Three have the entire Bible, one has the New Testament and four have portions
Average annual income is $468 per person, per year, which is 1% of the USA
The people of the highlands gained control of the whole island in the 19th
century, a fact still resented by the lowlanders today. Annexed by France in 1896
and independent in 1960. There was a failed attempt at Marxism in 1972. Multi-
party elections began in 1993. Corruption has long been a problem.
There is officially religious freedom. Folk religion is pervasive. 38% adhere to folk
religion, 32% are Protestant, 23% are Catholic and 7% are Muslim.
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